News Article: The basic term is “news” and “article” (in quotes). A news article covers any writing which disseminates information about current happenings. It may be general, like an announcement of an organ transplant or an address by a world leader. It could be a serious one-you’d see that in the news on some serious day. For example: a story on the lottery results, on the latest game sports results, or a feature story on somebody.
News Report: An article that makes news. It is written as a news story and it carries the usual specifications of an article of this kind. These may include its being a factual reporting, for example, an account of an accident, or a news story of some sort which has some value. It can also contain information about the writer’s own point of view on the matter. However, if you are writing a news story as an assist to another form of writing, like a student essay, you have a much larger leeway. You can discuss your opinions on whatever is of interest to you, so long as they don’t conflict with the facts presented in the news story!
Opinion piece: An article that is meant to express an opinion about something and also about someone or something else. It may affect many people, including the readers of the news stories. It may therefore be seen as a form of advert for something or someone. In other words, if you write a piece about cars, you might want to mention how many people you know who drive cars, but you wouldn’t really advertise the car dealership in it – unless you owned it yourself!
News Feature: A story which is mainly found in newspapers or magazines and is mainly concerned with local or national affairs. It may be written about something that has an effect on a wide variety of people. However, this is not normally the kind of article you would expect to find in a news stand. For example, it may be about a phenomenon that only affects a small town in a small country. If there are any strange occurrences in that town, it is probably best to make news of them rather than reporting them as being normal.
Non-ivals: These are pieces of news that should not be seen as representative of any one particular nation or group of nations, even though it is written about countries or states or even different societies. For example, an article about a French festival might not make any obvious political significance to listeners in America, while giving the same piece of information to a UK audience would. There are many such kinds of non-ivals in print, ranging from environmental concerns to music. Some non-news items will usually have some kind of social or scientific value – but they are usually intended to make some kind of difference to the readers. They may therefore not be suitable for all categories of news.
News can have several different categories depending on its aim and the reader’s interest. In general, however, news items are not classified according to their nationality. They are either news items that are representative of one society or part of one society, or news items that are representative of different societies or parts of different societies. Any classification that is put into practice tends to make the news more relevant to the target audience. When the target audience can relate to the topic, they are likely to take interest in it – and will therefore read it – regardless of their own nationality or place of origin. When this happens, it can have a very important and far-reaching impact on the world as a whole.